The Past is Never Past: COVID-19, States’ Rights, and Black Trauma

“… I believe that the maintenance of the rights and authority reserved to the states and to the people … are the safeguard to the continuance of a free government … whereas the consolidation of the states into one vast republic, sure to be aggressive abroad and despotic at home, will be the certain precursor of that ruin which has overwhelmed all those that have preceded it.” ― General Robert E. Lee, Confederate Army

Some common elements of Black Codes were: Employment was required of all freedman. They could not assemble without the presence of a white person and were not to be taught to read or write. Violators could be whipped, branded or jailed.
Dr. Anthony Fauci states, “…health disparities have always existed for the African American community. But here again, with the crisis, how it’s shining a bright light on how unacceptable that is.”

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